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PREVENTIVE VACCINATION

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Influenza vaccine

Influenza (seasonal flu) is a respiratory disease which affects millions of Canadians each year.  Getting vaccinated against the flu on a yearly basis can help prevent infection and reduce symptoms.

The vaccine is especially recommended for persons aged over 65 and in those with chronic disease such as cardiac deficiency, respiratory deficiency…). The vaccine should be given in October, November and at the beginning of December.

The flu is a respiratory infection caused by a virus. Various strains of the virus are present throughout the world year-round, causing local outbreaks. In Canada, the flu season usually extends from November to April and an estimated 10-25% of Canadians may get the flu each year. While most people recover fully, it is estimated that between 4,000 and 8,000 Canadians, mostly seniors, die each year from pneumonia resulting from the flu and many more following serious complications.

Once you get your flu shot, your immune system produces antibodies against the strains of virus in the vaccine. These antibodies remain effective for a period of four to six months. When you are exposed to the influenza virus, these antibodies will help to prevent infection or to reduce the severity of the illness.

Many companies now offer their employees the opportunity to be vaccinated at work. See Onsite vaccination.

For more information, visit www.hc-sc.gc.ca/

 


Hepatitis A and B

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver and can be caused by viral infection. There are many forms of viral hepatitis, each caused by a different type of hepatitis virus. Hepatitis A and hepatitis B are the most common types and both viruses can lead to serious consequences. There are many ways you can contract hepatitis A and B. You can contract hepatitis A from food in a restaurant or a grocery store. You can contract hepatitis B by coming into contact with contaminated tools while getting a manicure, a tattoo or when receiving dental treatment or a medical procedure, without even knowing it.

Many people who contract hepatitis A show no symptoms for weeks, or in the case of hepatitis B, even months. This can increase the chance of spreading these viruses to family and friends without even realizing it.

Currently in Canada, the actual number of cases of hepatitis A is estimated to be approximately 10 times higher than the number of reported cases. As for hepatitis B, no risk factors have been identified in nearly a third of the cases reported in Canada.

For more information, http://www.twinrix.ca/domestic/home.html

Attention!

Don’t worry, most vaccines are well tolerated. Speak to a health care professional.

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